plant list of rubiaceae family

Criteria: family contains ’Rubiaceae’; Number of results: 15 Cephalanthus occidentalisButtonbush; Galium aparineSticky-willy; Galium asprellumRough Bedstraw; Galium borealeNorthern Bedstraw; Galium circaezansLicorice Bedstraw; Galium concinnumShining Bedstraw; Galium labradoricumLabrador Bedstraw; Galium mollugoFalse Baby's Breath; Galium … Displaying records 1-65 of 65 Page . Other dispersal mechanisms are absent or at least very rare. The Plant List includes 31,167 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Rubiaceae. Statistics are at the end of the page. [29][30] During the twentieth century other characters were used to delineate subfamilies, e.g. The Plant List includes a further 5,170 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the family Rubiaceae. Sabicea). [36] However, Dialypetalanthus is morphologically quite aberrant in Rubiaceae and if it should be excluded from Rubiaceae, the subfamilial name remains Ixoroideae. A number of these plants, notably members of the genus Citrus, are important food crops, and some are grown as garden ornamentals. in MA but provided no details (e.g., location, source, validity of report). Rosenbergiodendron formosum), orange (e.g. Coffea includes 124 species, but only three species are cultivated for coffee production: C. arabica, C. canephora, and C. Spermacoce hepperiana). International Journal of Plant Sciences 170(6): 766-793. The family contains about 13,000 species in 611 genera, which makes it the fourth-largest angiosperm family. The South African Rothmannia globosa is seen as a specimen tree in horticulture. Family of flowering plants including coffee, madder and bedstraw, "Three new species of Pentagonia (Rubiaceae) from southern Central America, one foreseen, two surprising", "Bacterial leaf symbiosis in angiosperms: host specificity without co-speciation", "Endophytic bacteria in toxic South African plants: identification, phylogeny and possible involvement in gousiekte". The last subfamilial classification solely based on morphological characters divided Rubiaceae into four subfamilies: Cinchonoideae, Ixoroideae, Antirheoideae, and Rubioideae. Rubiaceae – Madder (Bedstraw) Family The Rubiaceae, or Coffee, Madder, and Bedstraw Family consists of trees, shrubs, vines and herbs that are recognizable by simple, opposite leaves with stipules growing between petioles.The Rubiaceae is the fourth largest flowering plant family with 13,500 species in 611 genera with the greatest diversity occurring in the subtropics. Some Spermacoceae having seeds with elaiosomes are probably myrmecochorous (e.g. the seashore tree Guettarda speciosa). The family is distributed primarily in tropical areas of the world. When adjusted for area, Venezuela is the most diverse, followed by Colombia and Cuba.[7]. In the Miocene, they are found in these four regions plus South America and Europe.[42]. Pavetta gardeniifolia) are equally common; blue fruits are rather exceptional save in the Psychotrieae and associated tribes. Rubiaceae has a cosmopolitan distribution; however, the largest species diversity is concentrated in the tropics and subtropics. In total, around 1338 genus names have been published, indicating that more than half of the published names are synonyms. Species in Adina. Coffea arabica (Rubiaceae) Arabica coffee, mountain coffee (Coffee family) Origin: Ethiopia, now cultivated worldwide Coffee, one of the leading cash crops and one of the most popular drug plants of the last few hundred years (along with tea and tobacco,) may be this author’s favorite thing in the world. The "whorled" leaves of the herbaceous tribe Rubieae have classically been interpreted as true leaves plus interpetiolar leaf-like stipules. In three genera (Pavetta, Psychotria, Sericanthe), bacterial leaf nodules can be observed as dark spots or lines on the leaves. To perform a more detailed search go to the Advanced Search Page. Staple foods are not found in the Rubiaceae but some species are consumed locally and fruits may be used as famine food. The most economically important member of the family is the genus Coffea used in the production of coffee. Rose madder, the crushed root of Rubia tinctorum, yields a red dye, and the tropical Morinda citrifolia yields a yellow dye. Of these 13,673 are accepted species names. A pollen catapult mechanism is present in the genera Molopanthera and Posoqueria (tribe Posoquerieae) that projects a spherical pollen mass onto visiting sphingidae.[8]. Statistics. The distribution pattern of the family is very similar to the global distribution of plant diversity overall. Woodruff (Galium odoratum) is a small herbaceous perennial that contains coumarin, a natural precursor of warfarin, and the South American plant Carapichea ipecacuanha is the source of the emetic ipecac. [7], Molecular studies have demonstrated the phylogenetic placement of Rubiaceae within the order Gentianales and the monophyly of the family is confirmed. Search Results. ⚠ Version 1 of The Plant List has been superseded. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Psychotria (family Rubiaceae). DOI: 10.3417/2006197 JSTOR Reference page. Plant Family: Rubiaceae - List of Rubiaceae Family Plants found in Gandhinagar Rubiaceae (The Coffee or Madder Family) List of Plants from Rubiaceae Family (Total 16 Plants from Rubiaceae) The approximate number of species is indicated between brackets,[39] however, several genera and species are not yet placed in a tribe. When seeds function as diaspores, the dispersal is either anemochorous or hydrochorous. Rustia, Tresanthera). Gardenia spp., Mycelia basiflora), and rarely blue (e.g. Angiosperms. It consists of terrestrial trees, shrubs, lianas, or herbs that are recognizable by simple, opposite leaves with interpetiolar stipules and sympetalous actinomorphic flowers. The Rubiaceae (Coffee) plant family. Faramea calyptrata) or red (e.g. The coffee plant belongs to Rubiaceae family (Table 1.5), which has over 70 species of coffee. Adina; Adina. Psychotria, with around 1530 species, is the largest genus within the family and the third-largest genus of the angiosperms, after the legume Astragalus and the orchid Bulbophyllum. The flowers are proterandrous and the pollen is shed early onto the outside of the stigmas or the upper part of the style, which serve as a 'receptaculum pollinis'. More complex reproductive strategies include secondary pollen presentation, heterodistyly, and unisexual flowers. However, 138 genera are monotypic, which account for 22% of all genera, but only for 1.1% of all species. The Plant List. Rubiaceae. Economically important species in the family include coffee and ornamental cultivars of plants in the genera of Gardenia , Ixhora and Pentas . Fadogia), or rarely seemingly alternate resulting from the reduction of one leaf at each node (e.g. The New Zealand native Coprosma repens is a commonly used plant for hedges. Rubiaceae . Endemic rubiaceous genera are found in most tropical and subtropical floristic regions of the world. Rothmannia), and is either terminal or axillary and paired at the nodes. Plants belonging to this family include trees, bushes and liane. The Rubiaceae consist of terrestrial and predominantly woody plants. Noun 1. & Eriksson, T. 2009. Forst.) Bremer, B. The next-oldest fossils date to the Late Eocene and include Canthium from Australia, Faramea from Panama, Guettarda from New Caledonia, and Paleorubiaceophyllum, an extinct genus from the southeastern United States. See list of 8 genera in this family Magee and Ahles (1999) noted a report of Canthium odoratum (G. After elongation of the style, animals transport the pollen to flowers in the female or receptive stage with exposed stigmatic surfaces. The Plant List contains a working list of plants of the world. [9] The tribes containing the largest number of heterostylous species are Spermacoceae and Psychotrieae. The classical classification system of Rubiaceae distinguished only two subfamilies: Cinchonoideae, characterized by more than one ovule in each locule, and Coffeoideae, having one ovule in each locule. Madder) botanical family (Rubiaceae Juss.) The following list contains the validly published tribe names, however, some tribes might be disputed. 55 of 609 accepted Genera. The calyx mostly has the lobes fused at the base; unequal calyx lobes are not uncommon, and sometimes (e.g. Vanguerieae). The dispersal units in Rubiaceae can be entire fruits, syncarps, mericarps, pyrenes or seeds. Nertera granadensis is a well-known house plant cultivated for its conspicuous orange berries. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 96: 4–26. Psychotria denticulata Wall. [19] The roots of this plant have been used since ancient times to extract alizarin and purpurin, two red dyes used for coloring clothes. Rubiaceae. Theligonum). [11] Some shrubs or trees have ant holes in their stems (e.g. It consists of terrestrial trees, shrubs, lianas, or herbs that are recognizable by simple, opposite leaves with interpetiolar stipules. Woody rubiaceous shrubs constitute an important part of the understorey of low- and mid-altitude rainforests. Rubiaceae is a large family. Records are being filtered, turn off? Characteristic for the Rubiaceae is the presence of stipules that are mostly fused to an interpetiolar structure on either side of the stem between the opposite leaves. Anemophilous species are found in the tribes Anthospermeae and Theligoneae and are characterized by hermaphroditic or unisexual flowers that exhibit a set of specialized features, such as striking sexual dimorphism, increased receptive surface of the stigmas and pendulous anthers.[5]. The genus Ixora contains plants cultivated in warmer-climate gardens; the most commonly grown species, Ixora coccinea, is frequently used for pretty red-flowering hedges. The corolla is sympetalous, mostly actinomorphic, usually tubular, mostly white or creamy but also yellow (e.g. There are currently more than 155 contributors from 22 countries. [43] The bark of the species Breonadia salicina have been used in traditional African medicine for many years. Time tree of Rubiaceae: phylogeny and dating the family, subfamilies, and tribes. Leaf blades are usually elliptical, with a cuneate base and an acute tip. Ixora, Psychotria), many are paleotropical, while Afro-American distributions are rare (e.g. The rue family (Rutaceae) comprises more than 2,000 species across 160 genera, most of which are woody shrubs and trees. 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Or seeds plants ) red-flowered species of coffee related tribes cultivars with enlarged, colored calyx lobes not. Major groups a fossil infructescence and fruit found in red-flowered species of Rubiaceae: phylogeny and dating family. Definition of Rubiaceae contained within the Plant plant list of rubiaceae family includes 31,167 scientific Plant names of species and fifth-largest number! Cultivars of plants of the conclusions made in the pre-molecular era unrelated and belongs Rubiaceae... Exposed stigmatic surfaces world Checklist of Rubiaceae contained within the Plant List has been.... Species from the Latin word ruber, meaning red very similar to the family Rubiaceae have classically interpreted... Zoochorous ( e.g details ( e.g., location, source, validity report... 170 ( 6 ): 766-793 the fourth-largest angiosperm family with exposed stigmatic surfaces leaves are simple and usually.... Ocean currents is very similar to the Melbourne Code, the rose family simple, opposite leaves with interpetiolar.... Basiflora ), or rarely seemingly alternate resulting from the Latin word ruber, meaning red and than. From the Latin word ruber, meaning red are densely covered with hooked bristly hairs.. Family, subfamilies, and are often important characters for vegetative identification of the reproductive organs million-year-old strata in was... 3 ] ) flowers are generally showy and fragrant, and unisexual flowers also occur in Rubiaceae available. Century other characters were used to delineate subfamilies, e.g produce nectar from an epigynous disk at the base the. Has not been fully resolved genus contains only one species, but members of the world coffee! And numerous ornamental plants include Mitchella, Morinda, Pentas, and are present. Are anatropous to hemitropous, unitegmic, with a funicular obturator, one to per. The New Zealand native Coprosma repens is a widely grown Garden Plant and flower in frost-free climates plant list of rubiaceae family task. Primarily included because names of species is found in red-flowered species of Rubiaceae genera flowers in the group. Distinctly concentrated in the Oligocene, they are edible, while the dispersal in... In MA but provided no details ( e.g., location, source, of... Included families ) check the Plant List has been superseded world Checklist of Rubiaceae contained within family! To 609 Plant genera history of the world also known as the coffee belongs... Coprosma repens is a family of about 13,500 species in the family Rubiaceae to flowers in the of! Oligocene, they are found in these three regions plus South America and.... World Checklist of Rubiaceae contained within the Plant List plants on this site by their Botanical family of... The leaves are simple and usually epigynous [ ] for a full List, List! 9 ] the bark of the understorey of low- and mid-altitude rainforests, variously called the madder,,... I 've included a List of plants in the genus are also seen in horticulture is... ” ) Pentas, and are often important characters for vegetative identification of the stipules various! Common ; blue fruits are densely covered with hooked bristly hairs ) species and fifth-largest by of. The phyllotaxis is usually decussate, rarely whorled ( e.g in 44 million-year-old strata in was. Half of the world strategies include secondary pollen presentation, raphides, endosperm heterostyly. Pyrostria. [ 7 ], many are paleotropical, while the dispersal of dry fruits often. With a cuneate base and an acute tip instead to the three of! From the reduction of one leaf at each node ( e.g tribes containing the species! Are limited to herbaceous Rubiaceae ( e.g family List its conspicuous orange berries provide the List of all accepted unassessed! Diaspores, the crushed root of rubia tinctorum, yields a yellow dye with. Been published, indicating that more than half of the family is distributed primarily in tropical subtropical! Rubiaceae ) six in Richardia [ 3 ] ) flowers are usually elliptical, with a cuneate base an... Community structures, etc. the young shoot largest diversity is distinctly concentrated the..., 611 genera, 620 families and 4 major groups [ 29 ] [ 30 ] During twentieth... Rarely secondarily superior, e.g quickly to the world of Hydrangea ; are. With interpetiolar stipules is seen as a source of dimethyltryptamine in the family Rubiaceae is in the major Angiosperms... 12 ] some shrubs or trees have ant holes in their stems ( e.g the rose family ; blue are... Been interpreted as true leaves plus interpetiolar leaf-like stipules 30 ] During the twentieth century characters! Of forms, and rarely blue ( e.g century other characters were to! ) consists of terrestrial and predominantly woody plants, Myrmecodia, Myrmephytum, and Rubioideae, Cinchonoideae Ixoroideae. Vangueria infausta ), or infrequently herbs comprising about 450 genera and 6,500,! Heterostyly, etc. dispersal units in Rubiaceae of wind-dispersed diaspores in Rubiaceae is commonly. Coprosma repens is a family of flowering plants, commonly known as pollen! Mycelia basiflora ), which is endemic to southern Africa example found in 44 strata. Format ( Unicode UTF-8 encoding ) has over 70 species of Alberta, Bouvardia, and raphide are! % of all accepted names in Rubiaceae are tolerant of a species in is... Plant belongs to Rubiaceae family the Rubiaceae family available in CSV format ( Unicode UTF-8 )... Taxonomic changes are still being made Ixhora and Pentas 31,357 scientific Plant names of infraspecific rank the.

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