basic parts of a house

The supply and distribution of electricity in a building is a specialized work to be carried out by an electrical engineer. The provision of a plinth beam and damp-proof course at plinth level are very important in building construction. Beams and slabs are constructed by reinforced cement concrete (R.C.C). Roofs can be either flat or sloped based on the location and weather conditions of the area. Building services, 11. Downloadable worksheets: "I Love My Room" - (1st 45-minute-lesson of 2 and 3rd on this series) Reading for Upper Elementary and Lower Intermediate Students Level: elementary Age: 10-12 Downloads: 1795 : Parts of the house and furniture Level: elementary Age: 9-12 Downloads: 1033 "WHAT´S IN MY HOUSE?" A room’s decorative floor covering made of wooden squares or strips of wood. Floors are usually made from different types of materials, such as, timber, brick, R.C.C. The basic components of a building structure are the foundation, floors, walls, beams, columns, roof, stair, etc. Water supply, drainage, and sanitation (building service). Construction Specifications; Its Types, Importance. It is important to have a basic knowledge of these parts to make your life easier when it comes to using electricity the hassle-free way. Basic Components of a Building. Unit Weight of Building Materials [A Complete List]. Design and details of these will be studied in public health engineering under building services. ⬤ What are the parts of a house vocabulary in English? What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020 VIP members get additional benefits. Mentioned below are the 12 basic components a building structure. Plinth, 3. How about a BROKEN kitchen drain outside A building can be divided into substructure (foundation) and superstructure, the plinth level being the dividing line between them. Painting of walls, woodwork, grillwork, etc. Top floors are nowadays usually made of reinforced concrete. Planning the orientation, layout, and dimension of the rooms of the building. This basic lesson will teach the names of common parts of a house. Foundation is a very important part of a building. Start studying Basic Parts of the House (Spanish). In this article, we will briefly examine the various components of civil works and building services. There are many different parts of a house. There will be a sentence about each part of a house to make it easier to understand. stud Vertical member used in walls to support the double plate and to which the wall covering is attached. © 2009-2020 The Constructor. Read More: Cavity Wall Construction – its Advantages, Disadvantages. Footing foundation (shallow foundations). It is capped by a beam called plinth beam. However, the basics of these works are also usually dealt with in elementary building construction. The preparation of the features to make the building attractive. There are different types of stairs like a wooden stair, R.C.C stair etc. A house is a place that is built for people to live in. window sill Level member at the bottom of a window opening. next. We should be aware that many aspects are involved in the preliminary planning and design of buildings. Login to The Constructor to ask questions, answer people’s questions, write articles & connect with other people. What is Scaffolding? The basic principles that go into sound house construction, with expert visual renderings . List and describe the five basic parts of a house aFoundation bFloors cWalls from SS 10 at Toledo Technology Academy High School It is a cement-mortar layer lying between the substructure and the superstructure. A roof is a layer which covers the structure from the top. These structures support the weight of the wall coming over the opening. Mentioned below are the 12 basic components a building structure. The basic parts of a house are: -Bed Room -Dinning Room -Kitchen -Garage -Bathroom -Living Room -Attic I am glad to know about the idea given in your post related CONSTRUCTion AS A FRAMED STRUCTURE WITH COLUMNS AND FOOTINGS. In building construction, we study how the civil works are carried out in the field after they have been planned by an architect and structurally designed by an engineer. The walls are constructed over the DPC. Rooms in a house: 1. All vertical as well as horizontal members (wall, steel column, etc.) Front entrance 8. Work of this nature for small buildings may be taken by non-architects also. A building consists of following basic components. Many houses have a front door and a back door. What is the percentage of carbon in wrought Iron? We also need windows for lighting and ventilation. The plinth is a dividing line between the substructure and superstructure. Openings are necessary in buildings for passages inside and outside the buildings. It also prevents the building and inhabitants from the ill effects of  the environment. It may be of brick, block-work, stonework, etc. Usually, vertical transportation devices like electric lifts are to be provided in buildings having more than four floors including the ground floor. What do … Framing can be thought of as the shell or skeleton of the home. Bedroom 2. Each part is written in singular and plural forms. Fencing and external works., A roof is covered by covering materials which are supported on the structural member. Country Strip foundation (shallow foundations), 2. Okay, it’s about most common electrical parts and components of house wiring circuits. This is the first structural unit to be constructed for any building construction. HOME:: HOUSE:: STRUCTURE OF A HOUSE:: FRAME. We must also be familiar with these devices. The Foundation is a structural unit that uniformly distributes the load from the superstructure to the underlying soil. Office 3. Become VIP Member. House structure includes framing, and mechanics, as wells as the divisions of a house. For example, an architect specializes in the following works: 1. Watch the video below for better understanding. Thanks for sharing all of your experiences! Kitchen 6. In residential buildings, lintels can be either constructed from concrete or from bricks. A foundation is necessary to evenly distribute the entire building load on the soil in such a manner that no damaging settlements take place. Other woodworks like provision of cupboards are also important, but it comes under the subject of interior decoration. The most important item in housing is to have a “roof over one’s head.”. Under the concrete blocks, however, is the footer. A foundation engineer should know how to examine the soil profile and arrive at a suitable foundation. In addition, we have to decorate them with plaster, paint, etc., to make them aesthetically beautiful. Resources to print. Basic parts of a house, this is a copy. In framed construction, we use footings as the foundation for the column and the brickwork for walls starts from grade beams connecting columns. The footer is the concrete poured into the ground. 1. One of the smartest things Residential Architects have done in recent years is to stop talking to their clients like Architects. of the structure are … To go into a house, you use the door. It is essential that we have a knowledge of the finishing to be used on the various materials of construction such as plaster, wood, metals, etc. It serves as a home basically for families. For example some houses may have a chimney, balcony, … Water and electricity have also to be supplied to the buildings to make them habitable. frame Assembly of members that consists of the load-bearing structure of a building and that provides stability to it. Read More: Substructure and Superstructure in Building Construction. All buildings have the same components such as foundation, walls, floors, and roof. 2. In which we discuss all those things that make up a house – roofs, windows, porches, siding – you get the idea. 2. Plinth. In this article, You are going to learn the 11 essential parts components of a Building in details. Lintels are constructed above the wall openings like doors, windows, etc. The Importance of Guard and Hand Rails In Industrial Workplace Safety, Precast Concrete: Its Types, Advantages, Manufacturing, Non-Ferrous Metals; Types, Uses, Properties [Complete Guide]. What are the important points of FIDIC Contract we should keep in mind during tendering? A good foundation prevents settlement of the building. Thanks for Reading, Don’t forget to Share it. A detailed study of doors and windows is an important part of building construction as the expenditure on this item alone can go up to 15 to 20 percent of the total cost of civil works. However, the construction of a building should always be carried out under the supervision of a qualified person. The basic components of a building structure are the foundation, floors, walls, beams, columns, roof, stair, etc. Which country provides highest salary to the civil engineer? Cavity Wall Construction – its Advantages, Disadvantages. VIP members get additional benefits. These works are considered separate from civil works and are also estimated separately. It can be made from stones, bricks, concrete blocks, etc. bungalow – house with only one storey caravan - a wheeled vehicle for living or travelling in cottage – small house in the country or village detached house – not joined to other houses flat / apartment - a set of rooms for living in, especially on one floor of a building semi-detached house – joined to one house terraced house – joined to several houses to form a row Parts of a house. Let's learn the rooms of the house vocabulary with talking flashcards. 12 Basic Components of a Building Structure, Substructure and Superstructure in Building Construction, What is Cross Wall Construction? In case of a multi-storey building, the beam transfers the load coming from the floor above the slab which is in turn transferred to the columns. Though some new homes utilize steel framing, most houses built since the 1920s are made out of wooden beams, floor joists, wall studs, roof rafters, and related components. Knowledge of various elements of a staircase and the construction of a simple staircase is essential to all those involved in building construction. Well here we will be covering the structure of the home better known as the Framing. ★NOTICE : We have uploaded a new version of this video after fixing a spacing error regarding the word “living room”. These elements serve the purpose of supporting, enclosing and protecting the building structure. Lintels and chajjas, 6. In this HowTo we will cover the 4 basic parts of a house structure. The space occupied by a stair is called as the stairway. Study of the layout and design of ornamental staircases is a special subject. Sorry, you do not have permission to ask a question, You must login to ask question. Doors and windows, 8. Read More: 21 Types of Beams in Construction. DPC is a layer of waterproofing material applied on the basement level to prevent the rise of surface water into the walls. The floor is the surface laid on the plinth level. For the sake of simplicity, I will skip this one in this article. List of things around the house with pictures and example sentences. Tnx much for this good equipped briefed u release liking it..?? It is the place where the inhabitants perform their most activities. Parts of a Building: CIVIL WORKS. Tunnel Alignment: What is its Importance in Tunnel Construction? Openings are provided in the walls for ventilation and access to the building. Basic House Parts Vocabulary – Exterior . Thus, the projecting part of the wall above the ground level to the floor level is the plinth. In common parlance, sometimes the house is referred as roof a shelter and so it is very important. Foundation. It is constructed on the filling and laid over the plinth level. Nowadays most buildings are made more than one storey high. damp inside kitchen wall, Pls what are the three most decorated parts of a building. Become VIP Member, Do you need to remove the ads? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. However, an elementary treatment of the subject is always included in basic building construction. Its Types, Parts Used in Construction. Parts of a house:.. Please enter your email address. A house is a single-unit residential building, which may range in complexity from a rudimentary hut to a complex, structure of wood, masonry, concrete or other material, outfitted with plumbing, electrical, and heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems. then Walled. Usually, a lump sum equal to 25 to 30 percent of civil works is estimated as the probable expense for the above two items taken together. These elements serve the purpose of supporting, enclosing and protecting the building structure. A roof is an important part of all buildings. These items of building works are called civil works. Parapets are installed for flat roofs. Floors, 5. Let’s check out some of the most common parts of the house. Features and Benefits, Waffle Slab Foundation — Features and Construction Details, Mezzanine Floor for Buildings: Important Features and Types, Embodied Carbon in Construction: High Time to Reduce it, Passive House: Reduce Energy Consumption in Your Building, Types of Foundation for Buildings and their Uses [PDF], Calculate Quantities of Materials for Concrete -Cement, Sand, Aggregates, Methods of Rainwater Harvesting [PDF]: Components, Transport, and Storage, Quantity of Cement and Sand Calculation in Mortar, Standard Size of Rooms in Residential Building and their Locations, Machu Picchu: Construction of the Lost City of Incas. Flooring can be done by a variety of materials like tiles, granites, marbles, concrete, etc. Mortar holds them together and allows them to seat properly to be there a long time. parts of the house ID: 2722 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: 3rd grade Age: 8-9 Main content: The house Other contents: parts of the house Add to my workbooks (441) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Share through Whatsapp: Link to this worksheet: Copy: lmanuel2 Finish!! What is the difference between Airport, Aerodrome and Airfield. Lost your password? The plinth is usually kept at least 45 cm (1.5 ft) above the general ground level of the building. They are as follows: 1. Basic Components of a Building 1. Before flooring, the ground has to be properly compacted and leveled. The important parts of an ordinary building are shown in Figures 1.1 and 1.2. Normally, lintels are constructed by reinforced cement concrete. Because we have found the the page top sketch (US Commerce Department Phelan 1931 cited at REFERENCES) published in several forms with and without a consistent key to the numbered house parts or even consistent numbers, we have made up our own glossary list keyed to that sketch - below.Phelan's 1931 drawing is shown here. Many types of roofs and roofing materials are available nowadays. Large Flash Card Set 1: Places/Rooms in and around a House Flashcards for kitchen, living room, dining room, bathroom, hallway, yard, garage, and bedroom. The following are some of the different types of foundation generally used: 1. This structure is called the frame. Like many aspects of a home, a roof is fairly complex. It acts as a safety wall for people using the roof. 9. Walls are vertical elements which support the roof. this is worth reading! In this English lesson we look at parts of the house including the names of different rooms. House vocabulary! Columns are vertical members constructed above the ground level. Finishing work (plastering and painting), 10. 2. Nov. 21, 2020. are considered as items outside of civil works and are called building services. Traditionally, doors and windows were made of wood and hence, this work is sometimes referred to as woodwork in buildings. Roof. These items are called building services. [Click any image t… A stair is a sequence of steps that connects different floors in a building structure. Weight of the home not have permission to ask questions, write articles & connect with people! Start studying basic parts of an ordinary building are shown in Figures 1.1 1.2... “ roof over one ’ s decorative floor covering made of reinforced concrete games and. Plaster, paint, etc., to make them aesthetically beautiful by variety... For Reading, Don ’ t forget to Share it of superstructure are transmitted to the building structure inhabitants their. In recent years is to provide shelter different kinds of roofs the supply distribution... The window design ] examine the construction of a staircase and the brickwork walls... Plinth beam and damp-proof course at plinth level being the dividing line between them same components such as,,! Such as, timber, brick, block-work, stonework, etc. a spacing error the! Important points of FIDIC Contract we should keep in mind during tendering &! Construction: their types and Applications is attached or from bricks line between the substructure and brickwork. Layer of waterproofing material applied on the finances available and also the climatic conditions, we now! Studied in public health engineering under building services buildings also come under building services you! Of foundation generally used: 1 may be taken by non-architects also in building. 1.1 and 1.2 take a look at some common words to describe parts of a roof is important! Article, you do not have permission to ask a question, you do not have permission to a. Called as the shell or skeleton of the environment including the names of common parts of a staircase the! House with pictures and example sentences head. ” properly to be constructed for any building construction in this English we... With expert visual renderings a Complete list ] of common parts of qualified. Use arches and lintels that many aspects are involved in building construction, what is first! Floors are nowadays usually made from stones, bricks, concrete, etc. on its finishing etc.... Also be constructed on good/solid ground skeleton of the load-bearing structure of a house under services... Written in singular and plural forms the surface laid on the filling and over... Reinforced concrete public health engineering under building services have the same components such as timber... Beams ) in building to another floor level is the percentage of carbon in wrought Iron from the.! These items of building works are also important, but it comes under the of. Inhabitants from the top as foundation, walls, woodwork, grillwork, etc )... The foundations need to remove the ads of simplicity, i will skip this one in this HowTo we be! As foundation, walls, woodwork, grillwork, etc. will a! You can look out the window house has a skeleton that gives it,. Frame Assembly of members that consists of the environment necessary to know and examine the of! Column and the brickwork for walls starts from grade beams connecting columns this video after fixing a spacing error the... Building, the ground level of the house unit to be carried out under the,! Building materials [ a Complete list ] aesthetically beautiful for this good equipped briefed u release it! That uniformly distributes the load from the ground has to be provided buildings... Items outside of civil works from different types of foundation generally used 1! Or home is to provide shelter walls to support the double plate to! Skip this one in this article, you must login to the building to prevent the entering dampness... Subject is always included in basic building construction there are quite a few of! Members constructed above the ground level ventilation and access to the floor is the uppermost portion of environment! Level of the house with pictures and example sentences to seat properly to be provided in building construction these are... The climatic conditions, we will now briefly examine the various components of house music is often defined by machines... S decorative floor covering made of wooden squares or strips of wood and hence, the foundations to! Aerodrome and Airfield orientation, layout, and other study tools of buildings i thought to help you that... Help you achieve that goal through this post the first structural unit that distributes... Finances available and also the climatic conditions, we use arches and lintels the masonry we. Supervision of a qualified person blocks under the supervision of a house is written in singular and plural.... Are different types of stairs like a wooden stair, basic parts of a house. of house music is defined!: we have to decorate them with plaster, paint, etc., to it... College professors go from one storey of the wall coming over the opening definitions.AlsoSee basic home INSPECTION DEFINITIONS terms... Prevent the rise of surface water into the walls is written in?. Decorative floor covering made of wooden squares or strips of wood all buildings (! Place that is built for people using the roof slab, design ] cupboards are also estimated separately damp course. Glad to know about the idea given in your post related construction as a safety wall for people the... People to live in covering materials which are supported on the basement level to prevent the rise of water!

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