capsicum annuum l common name

CAFR7. Capsicum annuum L. Images from the web. Although no reports have been seen for this species, many plants in this family produce toxins in their leaves. Many varieties are eaten as vegetables, condiments, and spices. annuum L.-5 (fruit) 2 μL Capsaicin ~0.1% in Methanol Reference materials used here have been authenticated by macroscopic, microscopic &/or TLC studies according to the reference source cited below held at Alkemists Laboratories, Costa Mesa, CA. Small, solitary, axillary, white or greenish, 5-parted. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Specimen: longum (de Candolle) Sendtner: Capsicum grossum There are more than 200 common names in use for this species. Use in the landscape in vegetable gardens, containers, window boxes, or as a tender, herbaceous annual bedding plant. Known Hazards. annuum. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Capsicum annuum . This name was in version 1 of The Plant List, record kew-2698415. Please click on any button to follow a link to that database. The component capsaicin is an irritant and analgesic used in self-defense sprays, and in a variety of conditions associated with pain. (sweet potato), Nicotiana tabacum L. (tobacco), Persea americana Mill. Bell pepper, (Capsicum annuum), also called sweet pepper or capsicum, pepper cultivar in the nightshade family (Solanaceae), grown for its thick, mild fruits. Bell peppers are used in salads and in cooked dishes and are high in vitamin A and vitamin C. The large furrowed fruits are technically berries and can be green, red, yellow, or orange. The Longum group includes chili peppers and cayenne peppers. Capsicum capsicum fruit and longitudinal section Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae Subfamily: Solanoideae Tribe: Capsiceae Genus: Capsicum L. Species See text Capsicum is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Capsicum Annuum peppers Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Capsicum annuum L. Family Name: Solanaceae: Common Name: ... Common Names: Classifications and Characteristics. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. fasciculatum (Sturtev.) This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Capsicum form a strategic partnership called N.C. This species contains the following infraspecific taxa*. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems. Subordinate Taxa. Peppers demand warm weather and dont like their roots disturbed. Biber in Turkish Cayenne pepper in language. oblongo-conicum without any description, basing it on Dunal’s variety C. conoides var. Capsicum annuum L. Capsicum annuum L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Capsicum (family Solanaceae). CAUSES SEVERE PAIN IN THE MOUTH IF EATEN! Blossom-End Rot of Tomato, Pepper, and Watermelon. Rank. Cufodontis (1963) published his variety C. annuum L. var. Capsicum is the name of a large group of peppers from sweet peppers to hot Habanero and Scotch bonnet peppers. It is an annual herb or short-lived perennial that can be used as a houseplant or interiorscape. USDA hardiness. Synonyms and common names Edit. © The Plant List 2013 — Cultivars are descendit frae the wild American … Scientific Name and Common Name. Plant seeds in a sunny warm location in peat pots (3 seeds to a pot, thinning to 1 plant per pot) 6 to 8 weeks before transplanting into the garden after all danger of frost is past and night temperatures are consistently at or above 55 degrees F. Plant in full sun in fertile well-drained soil 18 to 24\" apart in rows 18 to 24\" apart. 188 1753. Capsicum annuum var. The most common include chilli pepper, paprika (sweet varieties); bell pepper, cayenne, halapenos, chitlepin (hot varieties); and Christmas peppers (ornamental). Only Capsicum frutescens L. and Capsicum annuum L. are in the GRAS. Capsicum annuum (Longum group) NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Sp. Solanaceae Description. Tabasco Pepper, Cayenne pepper. Quick facts. Kingdom. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature. 8-11. Abbreviatum; fruits ovate, wrinkled, 2-5 cm long. Name Authority; Capsicum annuum var. Other studies have evaluated a role in weight loss, GI conditions, postoperative nausea, and rhinitis, although limited information for these uses is available. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Their popularity continues to grow across the world due to their ease of cultivation, frequently sharp taste and attractive appearance. Plant Division: Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon) Plant Growth Form: Herbaceous Plant: Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial: Mode of Nutrition: Autotrophic: All varieties are edible, even those used primarily for aesthetics. Capsicum is the common name for the fruits of the plant Capsicum annuum L. var. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-26) which reports it as an accepted name with … The name given to the Capsicum fruits varies between English-speaking countries. Capsicum annuum is a species o the plant genus Capsicum native tae soothren North Americae an northren Sooth Americae. Capsicum annuum L. – cayenne pepper. conoide (Miller) Irish Capsicum annuum var. Cayenne, chili, sweet or red pepper FAMILY. 2 μL Capsicum annuum var. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Capsicum annuum L. Capsicum annuum var. They are edible but quite hot. Capsicum annuum L. – cayenne pepper. The common name is widely used everywhere. Common name of Capsicum is the name which changes with change in the regions. Pl. glabriusculum (Dunal)Heiser & Pickersgill - BIRD PEPPER Citation CAPSICUM ANNUUM Linnaeus, var. The ornamental pepper plant (botanical name: Capsicum annuum) is grown as an annual plant indoors, although it's a perennial when grown in the correct conditions. In Australia, New Zealand, and India, heatless varieties are called "capsicums", while hot ones are called "chilli"/"chillies" (double L). Species. 17). Solanaceae. See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. Ornamental Capsicum Annuum typically have unique and unusually-colored fruit as well as foliage with such notable colors as black and purple. According to the EPPO global database, Aleurotrachelus trachoidesis a pest of over 70 different crops worldwide, of which nine are major hosts: Apium graveolens L. (celery), Capsicum annuum L. (sweet pepper), Capsicum frutescens L. (chili pepper), Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Avoi… Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Plants tolerate heat and drought well. Irish Homonyms Capsicum annuum L. Common names Aji de gallina in language. Its species are native to the Americas, where they have been cultivated for thousands of years. The leaves are arranged alternately, to 8 cm in length, ovate to oblong to lanceolate, with an acuminate leaf apex and an entire leaf margin. Capsicum annuum L. var. Burning or stinging of lips, tongue and throat; nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea; burning sensation of the eyes and skin; blistering after prolonged exposure. The species has no common names Synonym Author Capsicum longum: DC. This approach would likely necessitate synonymization of C. chinense and C. galapagoense (Carrizo García et al. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. (family Solanaceae). 1975. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Capsicum annuum cultivars. GLABRIUSCULUM (Dunal) Heiser & Pickersgill, Baileya 19: 156. Capsicum annuum L.. Common Names: Hot Pepper, Bird Pepper, Chili Pepper, Sweet Pepper, Cayenne Pepper, Bell Pepper Family: Solanaceae Habit: Capsicum annuum grows as a pubescent annual or perennial to 2 m in height. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Synonyms and common names Compact orange Capsicum plants The name given to the fruits varies between English-speaking countries. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day). The species encompasses a wide variety o shapes an sizes o peppers, baith mild an het, rangin frae bell peppers tae chili peppers. Voss Capsicum annuum var. Food Sci Technol Int 11(1):5–10 CrossRef Google Scholar Common Names. conicum (G.Mey.) (data supplied on 2012-03-26) Capsicum annuum L. var. Terms and Conditions — Mulching between plants is useful. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. Capsicum annuum var. Insect pests may include aphids, Colorado potato beetles, cutworms, pepper maggots, red spider mite, slugs, snails and whiteflies. Capsicum annuum var. Capsicum frutescens L. Classification. Pinching plants when they are young can help promote bushiness. Capsicum Botanical name. Acero-Ortega C, Dorantes-Alvarez L, Hernández-Sánchez H, Gutiérrez-López G, Aparico G, Jaramillo-Flores ME (2005) Evaluation of phenylpropanoids in ten Capsicum annuum L. varieties and their inhibitory effects on Listeria monocytogenes Murray, Webb and Swann Scott A. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. The common name of Christmas pepper was given to the plant because many are sold during December and the red colorful fruits provide a festive appearance. Fruit edible when raw or cooked but can be quite hot. Full publication details for this name can be found in IPNI: http://ipni.org/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:316944-2. SKIN IRRITATION MINOR OR LASTING ONLY FOR A FEW MINUTES. To return to The Plant List: please use your browser's back button to return to this page. The record derives from WCSP (in review) Potential diseases include bacterial and fungal leaf spot, mosaic virus, root rot, blossom end rot, and wilt. How to Cite, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, The New York Botanical Garden Virtual Herbarium, National Center for Biotechnology Information, The Plant List — A working list for all plant species, http://ipni.org/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:316944-2. Capsicum frutescens - L. Common Name. Variety. Common Name: Sweet Pepper, Cayenne Pepper, Chili Pepper, Christmas Pepper, Red Pepper, Ornamental Chili Pepper: Family: Solanaceae: USDA hardiness: 10-11: Known Hazards: Pungent-fruited peppers may cause painful irritation when used in excess, or after accidental contact with the eyes[238]. Family. The following databases may contain further information on this name. cordiforme Edwall Capsicum annuum var. TOXIC ONLY IF LARGE QUANTITIES EATEN. N.C. In Australia, New Zealand, India, Singapore and Hong Kong, heatless species are called "capsicums" while hot ones are called "chilli/chillies" (double L). Ají in language. Hence, scientific name of Capsicum is used worldwide. Capsicum annuum. minimum (Miller) Heiser and Capsicum frutescens L. These are types of peppers that are cultivated or gathered to obtain the plant parts for medicinal use. A shiny, tapered berry of various colors. frutescens (L.) Kuntze. The Plant List does not attempt to include all infraspecific taxa. Distribution and habitat: Capsicum annuum is a species native to southern North America and northern South America. Do not permit seedlings or plants to suffer from low temperature or drought. Capsicum L. – pepper. Other resources. acuminatum: Fingerhuth: Capsicum annuum var. Dunal’s variety was based on Fingerhuth’s (1832) C. conoides rather than Miller’s species but Heiser & Pickersgill (1975) suggested that it is probably a synonym of C. frutescens . Plantae – Plants. Seeds was brought to Europe and Capsicum annuum began to be planted extensively in Portuguese colonies in Africa, India and Asia. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … annuum L. – cayenne pepper. This species is the maist common an extensively cultivatit o the five domesticatit capsicums. … annuum: Linnaeus: Capsicum annuum var. Capsicum L. Common Name: PEPPER: Genus Notes: A recent work treated C. frutescens as a synonym of C. annuum, suggesting the two cannot be reliably distinguished on available morphological characters (FOC, vol. glabriusculum (Dunal) Heiser & Pickersgill – cayenne pepper, chilipiquin. Capsicums are cultivated worldwide and used in many Most of the ornamental types (such as Black Pearl) are hot rather than sweet or mild. 2016). cerasiforme Irish Capsicum annuum var. The natural substance in peppers that gives them their heat is called capsaicin. Direct Children: Variety. oblongo-conicum. NC State University and N.C. 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