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The shepherd is a common metaphor for Israel’s civil and spiritual leaders (Psalm 78:70-72; Ezek. as in Jeremiah 2:7, but nom. 4. Jeremiah 4:23 "I beheld the earth, and, lo, [it was] without form, and void; and the heavens, and they [had] no light." Understand the meaning of Jeremiah 4:23 using all available Bible versions and commentary. It is composed of five sections (some scholars say six) as follows: • Verses 9-12: Faithful Jeremiah's despair at the false prophets “If you, Israel, will return,then return to me,”declares the Lord.“If you put your detestable idols out of my sightand no longer go astray, and if in a truthful, just and righteous The goodly land of Israel was thrown back, as it were, into a formless chaos, before the words “Let there be light” had brought it into order. For this reason a man in antiquity might change his name at v. 36). THE CONTEXT: Chapters 27 and 28 addressed the two major themes that continue through chapter 29: • The Lord delivered Judah into the hands of the Babylonians, so the people of Judah (whether currently exiled in Babylonia or 26. Jeremiah calls out for the nation to turn back to God. He was born in the last part of the reign of Manasseh (687-642), around the year 645 B.C., almost a century after Isaiah. supposes, but the cities in the most fertile districts of the country, which, by reason of their situation, were in a prosperous condition, but now are destroyed. I beheld the mountains, and indeed they trembled, and all the hills moved back and forth. I looked, and there were no people; every bird in the sky had flown away. 1 Oh, that my head were a spring of water. The description is the coming disaster upon the land of Israel. The religious leaders were … Nahum 1:5); men had fled and hidden themselves from the wrath of God (cf. for the slain of my people. It is very easy to become defiled by lapsing back to old habits. “Without form”: Jeremiah may be borrowing the language, but the description in its context is not of creation (in Gen. 1:2), but of judgment on the land of Israel and its cities (verse 20). In … In Jeremiah 23, the nearness of God is not a comfort. The *Sins of God’s People. saith the LORD." Date of Writing: The Book of Jeremiah was written between 630 and 580 B.C. Jeremiah 4:23 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Jeremiah 4:23, NIV: "I looked at the earth, and it was formless and empty; and at the heavens, and their light was gone." nor beast as yet upon it, but all an undigested mass, and in the The promise here reverses the scene of devastation that Jeremiah had depicted apocalyptically and hyperbolically in Jer 4:23–29 as ... Zipporah "cut off her son’s foreskin." for this Jeremiah 5:21; Isaiah 1:3; Micah 7:3. And you, desolate one, what will you do? void; as the first earth or chaos was, before it was brought into form HOW בוּשׁ AND םַחָנ CONTRIBUTE TO UNDERSTANDING THE MEANING OF JEREMIAH 4:28, 15:6-7, 18:7-10 AND 26:3, 13 AND 19 By Allen Bythel Marsh A dissertation submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Theology "listened," BDB 1033, KB 1570, Qal IMPERFECT with waw "announce," BDB 1033, KB 1570, Hiphil IMPERFECT (vv. Study Jeremiah 4 using Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise) to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. Then, in Jeremiah 4:27-29 God explains the picture he just painted in plain words. The earth seemed waste and void as at the beginning of creation, Genesis 1:2, before the separation of the elements and before the creation of organic and living beings. Study Jeremiah 4 using Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise) to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. Jeremiah 4:23 I looked at the earth, and it was formless and void; I looked to the heavens, and they had no light. In Jeremiah 21, Zedekiah – the last king of Judah – in his last days as king, asks Jeremiah for God’s help in defeating the Babylonians. 25. 25 I looked, and behold, there was no man, And all the birds of the heavens had fled. Jeremiah 4:23 "I beheld the earth, and, lo, [it was] without form, and void; and the heavens, and they [had] no light." Chapter 34). Purpose of Writing: The Book of Jeremiah records the final prophecies to Judah, warning of oncoming destruction if the nation does not repent. History tells us that it is the Babylonian army which did this. "I beheld the earth, and, lo, it was waste and void; and the heavens, and they had no light." Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Jeremiah is the second of the four great prophets of Israel, a contemporary of Zephaniah, Nahum, and Habakkuk. I beheld the mountains, and indeed they trembled, And all the hills moved back and forth. 25. Jeremiah 17:10. For this reason a man in antiquity might change his name at I looked at … the natural, but the political, and ecclesiastical, disorder of - What is the meaning of Jeremiah 4:30? Angel Messenger Daniel 8,16 (1314); Luke 1:19, 26 (1488), Hebrews 1:14 (1757) Ark of Testimony Ark of the convent/mercy seat where God dwell Jeremiah 23 Commentary: The content of Jeremiah 23 is a continuation from all the way back in Jeremiah 21.. Jeremiah 23 Commentary: Chapter 21. I beheld the earth, and indeed it was without form, and void; and the heavens, they had no light. Not unique to the book of Jeremiah, these were often bizarre and violated the cultural norms of the time (e.g. Human nature, the law of sin within us, is always seeking to pull us again into the defilement of sin, seeking to destroy our hope of sharing life with the holy God.That is why God counsels us in Proverbs 4:23 to keep—that is, guard, preserve, and maintain—our heart. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking.. (23-26) With prophetic insight, Jeremiah considers the might and power of God. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking.. 30:23-24. Chapter 34). Jeremiah 4:23 I beheld the earth The land of Judea, not the whole world; and this the prophet says, either in spirit, as Jerom; or in prophecy, as Kimchi; or in a visionary way; for these are not the words of God continued, as Cocceius, but of the prophet; who, by a prophetic spirit, describes the dreadful destruction of the Jewish nation, as follows: and, lo, it was without form, and void ; This indicates the visionary character of Jeremiah’s description of the future condition of the land of Israel. you swear, ‘As surely as the Lord lives,’. describes the dreadful destruction of the Jewish nation, as The final portion of Jeremiah 4 is also something to consider when evaluating the potential end time relevance of Jeremiah 4:5. Tohu vabohit {as Genesis 1:2} sightless and shapeless. i. JEREMIAH: MAN AND PROPHET The year 627 BC was a crucial one in the history of redemption. 2 Oh, that I had in the desert. Jeremiah 4:23 Context. Biblical Commentary Jeremiah 23:23-29 EXEGESIS: JEREMIAH 23:9-11. (Jer 17:9-10) The folly of trusting one’s own heart. The poetic picture of destruction is explained as meaning that people will flee from the cities of Judah when the enemy comes. In heaven no light was to be seen, earth and heaven seemed to have been thrown back into a condition of chaos. In Hebrew texts 9:1 is numbered 8:23, and 9:2-26 is numbered 9:1-25. Though the expression “tohu and bohu” in Isaiah 34:11 and Jeremiah 4:23 speaks of a formlessness and emptiness resulting from divine judgment for sin, this meaning is not implicit in the expression itself but is gained from the particular contexts in which it occurs. Jeremiah: Jeremiah Declares God’s Message to Judah. Salem Media Group. Jeremiah calls out for the nation to turn back to God. The land has returned to a state of chaos (marginal reference note). The land of Judea, not the whole world; and this the prophet and order; the same words, "tohu" and "bohu", are used here, as JEREMIAH 4:23. follows: and, lo, it was without form, and And so, he continues – as I said – with a picture of the coming destruction in Jeremiah 4:23-26. Jeremiah 17:9. Without form, and void - Desolate and void (see Genesis 1:2 note). He has seen (ראיתי, perf. The context of Jeremiah 4 will help us understand the meaning of this passage. Therefore, the first thing we want to do is know what was said before and after verses 23-28. This was in the first earth age. Jeremiah 23:1 "Woe be unto the pastors that destroy and scatter the sheep of my pasture! Although you dress in scarlet, Although you adorn yourself with jewelry of gold, Although you enlarge your eyes with makeup, In vain you make yourself beautiful. To get what Jeremiah 4:23 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. that were over the land of Judea; Proud member Jeremiah 4:23-27: 23. But these leaders have destroyed their flocks rather … The religious leaders were making up their own message in YHWH's name (cf. And so they pleaded with Jeremiah to pray to the Lord on their behalf: "Pray that the LORD your God will tell us the way we should go", was their earnest plea, "and … I beheld the earth, and, lo, it was without form, and void.] (23-25) The lasting shame of idolatry expressed in a statement of true repentance. in ( Genesis (t) By this manner of speech he shows the horrible destruction that would come on the land and also condemns the obstinacy of the people who do not repent at the fear of these terrible kings, seeing that the insensible creatures are moved therewith, as if the order of nature would be changed, Isa 13:10,24:23, Eze 32:7, Joel 2:31,3:15. The answer is: as long as the people persists in the folly of its rebellion against God, so long will chastising judgments continue. Jeremiah 23:1 "Woe be unto the pastors that destroy and scatter the sheep of my pasture! Jeremiah 4:23-28 describes how desolate the land becomes: “(23) I beheld the earth, and, lo, it was without form, … Isaiah 2:19, Isaiah 2:21), and all the birds had flown out of sight in terror at the dreadful tokens of the beginning catastrophe (Genesis 9:9). Hilda Bright. The mountains and hills, these firm foundations of the earth, quivered and swayed (התקלקל, be put into a light motion, cf. 24. Jeremiah 4:21 gives God's answer to the woful query, how long the ravaging of the land by war is to last. Jeremiah 4:23, NASB: "I looked at the earth, and behold, it was a formless and desolate emptiness; And to the heavens, and they had no light." NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: JEREMIAH 4:23-26 23 I looked on the earth, and behold, it was formless and void; And to the heavens, and they had no light. But these leaders have destroyed their … "Before the heat of His anger," which is kindled against the foolish and godless race; cf. Words in boxes are from the Bible. I beheld the earth I beheld the earth, and indeed it was without form, and void; And the heavens, they had no light. Author: Jeremiah chapter 1, verse 1 identifies the Prophet Jeremiah as the author of the Book of Jeremiah. I beheld, and indeed there was no man, and all the birds of the heavens had fled. Lorraine Day, M.D. 23. Explaining the Picture of Destruction. Your lovers despise you; They seek your life. Jeremiah: Jeremiah Declares God’s Message to Judah. The ancients, however, always considered the background and meaning of a name. There is individual responsibility, and we have to face up to the fact that there is no hiding from God. 26 I looked, and lo, the fruitful land was a desert, and all its cities were laid in ruins Jeremiah 4:23, ESV: "I looked on the earth, and behold, it was without form and void; and to the heavens, and they had no light." It is very easy to become defiled by lapsing back to old habits. Jeremiah's answer is that there are no more messages to be received, only judgment (i.e., "I shall abandon you," cf. I looked at the earth, and it was empty and formless. Nahum 1:6; Isaiah 13:13. Jeremiah 4:23-28. and my eyes a fountain of tears! He came from a priestly family in Anathoth, a town about five kilometers northeast of Jerusalem. The imagery is that of the last day of judgment. All rights reserved. I looked on the mountains, and behold, they … God didn’t create (H1254) man on the 6th Day, He made (H6213) man, but most still have no understanding of God. Jeremiah 4:23 "I beheld the earth, and, lo, it was without form, and void; and the heavens, and they had no light." And you, desolate one, what will you do? To get what Jeremiah 23:29 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. Jeremiah 4:23, KJV: "I beheld the earth, and, lo, it was without form, and void; and the heavens, and they had no light." Author: Jeremiah chapter 1, verse 1 identifies the Prophet Jeremiah as the author of the Book of Jeremiah. “If you, Israel, will return,then return to me,”declares the Lord.“If you put your detestable idols out of my sightand no longer go astray, and if in a truthful, just and righteous Jeremiah 17:9. God is nearby, not far off. and, lo, it was without form, and void; as the first earth or chaos was, before it was brought into form and order; the same words, "tohu" and "bohu", are used here, as in Genesis 1:2, the land of Judea now was, in the prophet's view of it, like the first earth, when darkness covered it; no grass sprung out of it, not a tree to be seen in it, and neither man nor beast as yet upon it, but all an undigested mass, and in the utmost wild disorder and confusion; and this may denote not only the natural, but the political, and ecclesiastical, disorder of the Jewish nation and state: and the heavens, and they had no light; that were over the land of Judea; as the Targum paraphrases it; that is, the sun, moon, and stars, which were darkened by the smoke of the burning of Jerusalem; or which withdrew their light, as blushing at, and being ashamed of, the iniquities of his people, and who were unworthy of enjoying the light of them; and which this phrase may denote. 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