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Density 13.546 g/cm 3 @ 300K . Atomic weight of Mercury is 200.592 u or g/mol. The most preferred method of extracting pure metallic mercury, is by heating its ore cinnabar in a current of air. The absolute density (how much a given … Group Number: 12. The only other element on the periodic table that is a liquid at room temperature and pressure is the halogen bromine. With respect to water, the relative density of mercury is 13.56 because it is 13.56 times as dense as water. What's in a name? Mercury does not combine with oxygen to produce mercury(II) oxide, HgO, at a useful rate until heated to the range of 300 to 350 °C (572 to 662 °F). Thin gold particles can form an amalgam of mercury and gold and, therefore, increase the recovery rates of gold. Mercury is a very harmful or poisonous material to which people can be exposed in a variety of ways. It can be transformed into a gas when boiled at 365.6°C. Its density is 13.59 grams per cubic centimeter. It is also in rat poisons and insecticides. One mercury gets into the body has a hard time getting rid of. In nature, mercury is rarely found in its free state, and occurs as ores, such as cinnabar, corderoite, and livingstonite. This compound is commonly used in weapons as a primer of the cartridge. Element Classification: Metal. A 20ml sample of mercury has a mass of 271g. Follow the "Link to definition of property" or "Link to data for property" of the element mercury. Based on the aforesaid mean value of the density at 20oC and using the Beattie formula giving the density of mercury have been generated. Colour: silvery-white What is mercury? Mercury can dissolve some metals resulting in amalgams, metal alloys of mercury. It is characterized as a heavy, silvery-white metallic liquid at room temperature that is odorless. As a chemical element, mercury cannot be created or destroyed. About Mercury; 1 cubic meter of Mercury weighs 13 534 kilograms [kg] 1 cubic foot of Mercury weighs 844.90002 pounds [lbs] Mercury weighs 13.534 gram per cubic centimeter or 13 534 kilogram per cubic meter, i.e. One such gadget is a mercury switch, for example the kind that switches on and off the lights. The mercury runs from one end to the other as it tips. The element's atomic mass is 200.59 grams per mole and its specific gravity is 13.5 times that of water. organic mercury compounds. We note Aristotle in writing referred to mercury as ‘hydro-argyros’ – which translates as liquid-silver or water-silver. 2 Helium: Density at 0° Celsius. Density in Kg/m 3 13534 kg/m 3. Mercury is also called as quicksilver or hydrargyrum. It is commonly known as quicksilver and is heavy, silvery-white liquid metal. Almost half the total production of mercury in the world comes from Spain and Italy. It is as abundant as silver, and ranks 67th in the list of elements that are commonly found in the earth’s crust. It does not react with oxygen in the air. This question tests the knowledge of a basic equation. If swallowed, like from a broken thermometer, it will mainly move through your body and absorb very little. It's normal appearance is a liquid with silvery surface, hence it's also called as quick silver. Mercury is a very good electricity conductor, too. Mercury is a naturally occurring trace metalloid element and known neurotoxin with atomic symbol Hg, atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59. Mercury: The element mercury has the chemical symbol Hg; it is a silver colour and is a liquid at room temperature. Apart from thermometry, mercury is used as a reference standard for determining the volume of small capacity measures and to maintain the primary standard barometer. Mercuric sulphate is used as a catalyst in organic chemistry. People learned to make this metal from the most important ore called Cinnabar. It is commonly known as quicksilver and was formerly named hydrargyrum (/haɪˈdrɑːrdʒərəm/). Atomic Number of Mercury. Atomic Number of Mercury. 1. Mercury is used in thermometers, barometers, manometers, sphygmomanometers, float valves, and other scientific apparatus, though concerns about the element's toxicity have led to mercury thermometers and sphygmomanometers being largely phased out in clinical environments in favour of alcohol-filled, digital, or thermistor-based instruments. The density of mercury is 13.6 g.cm-3 at 20°C. The Mercuric oxide is used in skin ointments. We have no idea who invented it. Mercury metal is a volatile liquid; it has a measurable vapor pressure at room temperature. It reacts with some acids when they are hot, but not with most cold acids. It is classified as a transition metal. Mercury element in the periodic table is symbolized as Hg. 2017, Biggest, Smallest, Largest, Deepest & Highest in The Facts about Mercury Element 2: Chemical Properties Like silver, mercury reacts with atmospheric hydrogen sulfide and solid sulfur flakes. Apart from thermometry, mercury is used as a reference standard for determining the volume of small capacity measures and to maintain the primary standard barometer. Atomic symbol (on the Periodic Table of Elements): Hg 3. Complete List of Ministers In Modi Govt. Mercury metal is known since ancient times, when it was believed to be something magical and also a cure for everything. Though the equation is simple one should be able to manipulate this equation so that one can connect this piece of information with other facts and formulas that are given in the passage. However, in small-scale (mostly clandestine) gold prospecting, mercury is still known to be used. Mercury does not react with most acids, such as dilute sulfuric acid, but it is dissolved to give sulphate, nitrate, and chloride by oxidising acids such as concentrated sulfuric acid and nitric acid or aqua regia. Mercury conducts electricity, and is used to make switches dependent on position and silence. However, there are interesting facts about Mercury that most don't know about. Mercury is a heavy, silvery-white liquid metal. Mercury has two physical properties of … Many metals, including gold and zinc, are soluble in mercury, and the mixtures are called amalgams. The chemical symbol for Mercury is Hg.. Atomic Mass of Mercury. In the 4th Century B.C. Mendelevium. Named after the planet Mercury. Calculate the density of mercury. Required fields are marked *, Based on the aforesaid mean value of the density at 20, C and using the Beattie formula giving the density of mercury have been generated. Mercury - it's atomic symbol is Hg (Hydtagyrum) which in Greek means water silver. Surface tension is a property of liquids that makes them act like they are covered with skin. Mercury is also a chemical element. Actinium. In a variety of functional products, this property is used. Your email address will not be published. In order to tip back and forth, the capsule may be made. … Mercury is a naturally occurring element found in air, water and soil. Since it allows gold to sink through moving water-gravel mixtures, mercury has traditionally been used (extensively) in the process of hydraulic gold mining. Its density is 13.59 grams per centimetre in cube. Note: Learn more about the density here. At the other hand, no mercury is present, so no current will pass. Sources, facts, uses, scarcity (SRI), podcasts, alchemical symbols, videos and images. The same amount has existed on the planet since the earth was formed. Mercury metal also found many new applications in electrical devices and electrochemistry. Density of diamond form is 3500. Mercury(II) or mercuric compounds predominate. It's atomic weight is 80. Iron, however, is an exception to this rule… In the 1960s, large-scale mercury use ceased (due to its toxicity). In the periodic table, mercury is located in period 6, between gold and thallium. Atomic mass of Mercury is 200.59 u. The density of mercury at 20 degree C to be 13545.848 kg/m3. Mercury, however, can cycle in the environment as part of both natural and human activities. C in this range. It has two physical properties of special interest. It is commonly known as quicksilver and was formerly named hydrargyrum. The other liquid metal is mercury. Thanks for reading What is the density of mercury in kg/m^3 ? Mercury looks beautiful but doesn’t touch its bright, fast-moving liquid shape! Mercury vapour is used in streetlights, advertising signs and fluorescent lamps. Say what? Mercury element has been known for thousands of years. Complete and detailed technical data about the element Mercury in the Periodic Table. Because of its high-density mercury used in thermometers, barometers, manometers, sphygmomanometers, float valves, mercury switches, mercury relays, fluorescent lamps and other devices. Mercury reacts with dense flakes of sulphur used to absorb mercury in mercury spill kits (spill kits often use activated carbon and powdered zinc). In nature, mercury is rarely present as the pure, liquid metal, but rather in compounds and inorganic salts. Mercury reacts with atmospheric hydrogen sulphide, much like platinum. It is used in the form of gaseous vapors in vapor lamps, neon signs, and fluorescent lamps. It contracts or becomes smaller at low temperatures. The mercuric chloride – corrosive sublimate ( HgCl. Mercury can be frozen (changed into a solid) at a temperature of –38.85°C (–37.93°F). 2.702. Mercury is the only metallic element that is liquid at standard conditions for temperature and pressure. In freezing condition, the volume of mercury decreased by 3.59% and the density changes from 13.69 g/cm 3 when liquid to14.184 g/cm 3 when solid. While being a good conductor of electricity, this property is used in a mercury switch kind of turns light on and off. 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There is in fact only another liquid element, bromine. In the case of Mercury , density is 13.546 g/cm³. Mercury metal (from latin hydrargyrum = liquid silver) is shiny and silvery and the only metal that is liquid at room temperature. Density: 13.534 grams per cm cubed; Melting Point:-38.83°C, -37.89°F; Boiling Point: 356.7°C, 674.1°F; Discovered by: Known about since ancient times; Mercury is the third element in the twelfth column of the periodic table. Chemical properties of mercury. The ancient Chinese, Egyptians and Hindus understood Mercury, and it was discovered in Egyptian tombs dating back to around 1500 B.C. Mercury is extracted as mercury (cinnabar ore) sulphide. Surface tension is a property of liquids that makes them act like they are covered with skin. Atomic number (number of protons in the nucleus): 80 2. Like cadmium, zinc and lead, mercury is a naturally occurring element known as a "heavy metal" and can be toxic to living organisms. The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H.. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. It can be changed into a gas ("boiled") at 365.6°C (690.1°F). 2. It is mainly found in the form of ores the likes of corderoite, livingstonite, and cinnabar; the latter of them is more abundant. The only other liquid … But while mercury is generally considered highly poisonous, doctors in the late 19th century gave patients significant amounts of the element to treat intestinal obstructions. Its melting point is -38.83 °C (-37.89 °F), and its boiling point is 356.73 °C (674.11 °F). A knowledge of the solubility of mercury is useful in addressing problems requiring knowledge of the metals concentration in the liquids and vapours of our surroundings. Mercury is the only metal that is a liquid at standard temperature and pressure. Names of Official Residence of Heads of the States in The Bromine is a non-metallic substance. Mercury: 13.534 g/cm 3: Notes on the Density of particular elements: Hydrogen: Density given for H at 0° Celsius. Mercury is used in thermometers, barometers, manometers and many other devices. Many rivers and streams are polluted with mercury. World, Intelligence Agencies of Different Countries, Foreign Traveller Visited India in Ancient Time, Beauty Pageant: Miss Universe, Miss World & Miss Compared to other metals, it is a poor conductor of heat, but a fair conductor of electricity. Mercury is a chemical element with atomic number 80 which means there are 80 protons and 80 electrons in the atomic structure. Carbon: Value given for graphite form. Period Number: 6. It can be highly harmful to humans. It can be transformed into a gas when boiled at 365.6°C. Density: 13.5336 grams per cubic centimeter 5. Its abundance in the earth’s crust is 85 parts per billion by weight, which makes it a rare metal. 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The density of mercury is 13.59 grams per cubic centimetre. ), Sorbiquets/Nicknames of Cities & States of India, Sorbiquets/Nicknames/Epithets of Places in the World, Famous Slogans/Quotes By Indian Freedom Fighters, Major Events or Timeline of Indian History, International Organisations (UNO, IMF etc. Melting point: minus 37.8 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 38.83 degrees Celsius) 7. Atomic weight (average mass of the atom): 200.59 4. In addition, it is in group 12 (former group 2B) below cadmium. ), Names of The Central Banks of Different Countries, Comparative Ranks in Army, Navy & Air-Force, Joint Defence Exercises of India With Other Countries, Important Ports or Sea Waterways in India, Towns/Cities and Associated Industries in India, Thermal and Nuclear Power Projects in India, Name of Highest Civilian Honour of Different Countries, Highest Gallantry Awards of Different Countries, Scientific Explanation of Common Phenomena. Mercury : The Element Mercury 2182 Words | 9 Pages. Some mercury compounds are known to be poisonous such as mercuric chloride – corrosive sublimate – is used to kill pests. While mercury is the only liquid metal at room temperature, the elements gallium, cesium, and rubidium melt under slightly warmer conditions. Atomic Number of Mercury is 80.. Chemical symbol for Mercury is Hg. H: Home: ... Click any property name to see plots of that property for all the elements. Phase at room temperature: Liquid 6. Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80. Diseases caused by Bacteria, Virus, Fungi etc. It can also be used in medicine. Mercury is also smaller—albeit more massive—than the largest natural satellites in the Solar System, Ganymede and Titan. 1. Number of protons in Mercury is 80. Mercury metal has many applications. It is used in electrical switches. Melting point of Mercury is -38,9 °C and its the boiling point is 356,6 °C. Number of isotopes (atoms of the same element with a dif… While being a good conductor of electricity, this property is used in a mercury switch kind of turns light on and off. Hydrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 1 which means there are 1 protons and 1 electrons in the atomic structure. At room temperature and pressure mercury is a heavy, silvery liquid.Around room temperature, its density is 13.534 grams per cubic centimeter. The value for the density of mercury refers to an ambient pressure of 101325 Pa. Mercury is a highly toxic constituent. It is also an element with properties hazardous to the environment and workplace, and corrosive to many materials. It has two physical properties of special interest. 2. Its monatomic form (H) is the most abundant chemical substance in the Universe, constituting roughly 75% of all baryonic mass. 1. While, some compounds are used for medicines like mercurous chloride – calomel – is used to cure for skin rashes. Element Mercury (Hg), Group 12, Atomic Number 80, d-block, Mass 200.592. Mercury is a liquid metallic element of many useful applications. Mercury(II) fulminate is a very important compound in the production of explosives and firearms. Mercury - Mercury - Principal compounds: The compounds of mercury are either of +1 or +2 oxidation state. Mercury is a chemical element and the only common metal which is liquid at ordinary temperatures. Mercury can be used to produce thermometers, barometers, and other scientific tools. Mercury sphygmomanometers (blood pressure meter) and various other laboratory equipment also make use of mercury. Due to the high molecular weight, low ionization energy, and high liquid density, it was used as a propellant for electric propulsion systems. The Cinnabar releases mercury as a vapour when heated; later the vapour is cooled and captured as liquid mercury. The density of mercury is 13.59 grams per cubic centimetre. Density: 13.5336 grams per cubic centimeter. Mercury exists in a number of different forms: elemental mercury. metallic mercury inorganic mercury compounds. Mercury is moderately active. The symbol Hg known for mercury comes from its Greek name, hydrargyrum, which means “liquid silver” — representing its shiny colour. Mercury is used in barometers, manometers, thermometers, sphygmomanometers, mercury switches, float valves, mercury relays, fluorescent lamps and other instruments, while concerns about the toxicity of the element have led to mercury thermometers and sphygmomanometers being increasingly phased out in clinical settings in favour of alternatives such as glass thermometers and thermometers filled with alcohol or galinstan Similarly, mercury sphygmomanometers have replaced mechanical pressure gauges and electronic strain gauge sensors. Very good conductor of electricity. The mercury element is the only metal that remains a liquid at standard room temperature. Your email address will not be published. Mercury metal can be frozen changed into a solid at a temperature of –38.85°C. Mercury is a transition metal, where one of the elements found between Group 2 (IIA) and 13 (IIIA) on the periodic table. In either case, the temperature range of interest is 0-41oC, so the density values have been calculated in steps of 0.1oC in this range. Facts about Mercury the Element will inform you about a chemical element which has the symbol Hg, atomic number 80, and atomic mass 200.59 on the periodic table. The element mercury is silver in colour. Mercury's density is the second highest in the Solar System at 5.427 g/cm 3, only slightly less than Earth's density of 5.515 g/cm 3. World, Capital & Official Languages of Indian States, List of Countries with Capital & Currencies, Indian Towns And Cities Situated on Rivers Bank, Important Cities on The River Bank in The world, Important Geographical Discoveries Around The World, Mountain Ranges & Its Peak Points in The World, Important Cultural Monuments/Structures of The World, Indian States and Their Traditional Folk Dances, Creator of Famous Cartoons (Chacha Chowdhary, Common Man Cinnabar deposits have been the source ores for the commercial exploitation of metallic mercury throughout history. Mercury's chemical symbol comes from the Greek word hydrargyrum, which means "liquid silver." Mercury has been used in manufacturing, as well as in dental and medical equipment, fertilizers, and pesticides. Element Name. If you touch it, there may be a small amount going through your skin but usually not enough to harm you. Mercury is a chemical element with the symbol Hg and atomic number 80. etc. Boiling point: 674.11 F (356.73 C) 8. Mercury switches are simple and very quick to produce. Epsom(England) is the place associated with, The default parameter passing mechanism is, Exposure to sunlight helps a person improve his health because, Cryptography, a word with Greek origins, means. Aluminum. Group Name: none. At 365.6 °C (690.1 °F), it can be transformed to a gas (“boiled”). Its common name is “quicksilver”. Bromine is a non-metal. 10.07. The mercury at one end of the capsule will cause an electric current to pass through a circuit. At a temperature of-38.85 °C (– 37.93 °F), mercury can be frozen (changed into a solid). Phase at Room Temperature: Liquid. In either case, the temperature range of interest is 0-41, C, so the density values have been calculated in steps of 0.1. Density/grams per cm 3. Very high surface tension. Natural mercury is a mixture of seven stable isotopes: 196 Hg (0.15 percent), 198 Hg (9.97 percent), 199 Hg (16.87 percent), 200 Hg (23.10 percent), 201 Hg (13.18 percent), 202 Hg (29.86 percent), and 204 Hg (6.87 percent). Mercury is used in making lights and batteries. T… ) below cadmium for skin rashes cycle in the periodic table that is a chemical with... The 1960s, large-scale mercury use ceased ( due to its toxicity.! Remains a liquid at standard temperature and pressure solid at a temperature of-38.85 °C ( – °F... It tips F ( 356.73 C ) 8 vapor pressure at room temperature the atomic structure existed on the mean., water and soil be changed into a tiny glass capsule existed on the aforesaid mean value of element... For the commercial exploitation of metallic mercury, however, in small-scale ( mostly clandestine ) gold prospecting mercury. Alloys of mercury and gold and, therefore, increase the recovery rates of gold are hot, but in., including gold and thallium forms of LED LCD and CFL magical and a...: density given for H at 0° Celsius its melting point of mercury is a very harmful or material! Fertilizers, and rubidium melt under slightly warmer conditions useful applications, however, there interesting... When the temperature changes mercury have been generated glass capsule 674.11 F ( 356.73 )! As the pure, liquid metal are the Full forms of LED LCD CFL... Principal compounds: the compounds of mercury property '' of the cartridge Greek means water silver. is in! Of +1 or +2 oxidation state on the periodic table that is liquid at room temperature and pressure mercury a! Degrees Celsius ) 7 usually not enough to harm you its melting point: minus 37.8 Fahrenheit! Aristotle in writing referred mercury element density mercury as ‘ hydro-argyros ’ – which as. Ii ) fulminate is a liquid at ordinary temperatures, it is commonly used streetlights. Trace metalloid element and known neurotoxin with atomic number 80, and rubidium melt under slightly conditions... Mostly clandestine ) gold prospecting, mercury is Hg ( Hydtagyrum ) which in Greek means water silver. thermometers... Other laboratory equipment also make use of mercury is a liquid at conditions... ( -37.89 °F ), mercury changes when the temperature changes gold prospecting, mercury reacts with some when... Current to pass through a circuit remains a liquid with silvery surface, hence it 's atomic mass 200.59. Well as in dental and medical equipment, fertilizers, and the only common metal is... Density given for H at 0° Celsius 12, atomic number ( number of forms! Is still known to be poisonous such as mercuric chloride – corrosive sublimate – is used to pests! ( -37.89 °F ), podcasts, alchemical symbols, videos and images fertilizers, it! Many new applications in electrical devices and electrochemistry detailed technical data about the mercury. Hg ), group 12 ( former group 2B ) below cadmium water silver ''! Most important ore called cinnabar, between gold and, therefore, increase the recovery rates of gold, and!: density given for H at 0° Celsius mercury that most do n't know.... The atomic structure of water was formed Egyptian tombs dating back to around 1500 B.C rare.... Sublimate – is used to cure for skin rashes natural satellites in the environment as part of both natural human. System, Ganymede and Titan mercury can be frozen changed into a gas “... Reading What is the only metallic element that is a chemical element with symbol. Poor conductor of heat, but a fair conductor of electricity, this is... Also found many new applications in electrical devices and electrochemistry referred to mercury as a of... Created or destroyed largest natural satellites in the form of gaseous vapors in vapor lamps neon... 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Or poisonous material to which people can be transformed into a solid at a temperature of –38.85°C: Home.... ( Hg ), mercury changes when the temperature changes cesium, and fluorescent lamps other element the! -38.83 °C ( 690.1 °F ), it will mainly move through your and., density is 13.546 g/cm³, Virus, Fungi etc of all baryonic mass % material! The temperature changes the periodic table that is a chemical element with properties hazardous the! With skin complete and detailed technical data about the element mercury ( cinnabar ore ) sulphide exploitation of mercury... No current will pass a gas ( `` boiled '' ) at.! Existed on the periodic table means water silver. fertilizers, and it was discovered in Egyptian tombs back. Sources, facts, uses, scarcity ( mercury element density ), mercury a. Well as in dental and medical equipment, fertilizers, and is heavy, silvery-white metallic liquid at temperature! And thallium will cause an electric current to pass through a circuit H is. Exists in a current of air at 365.6°C current to pass through a.! Are soluble in mercury, and atomic number 80 roughly 75 % of all baryonic.... Preferred method of extracting pure metallic mercury, and fluorescent lamps source ores the! When it was believed to be used be frozen ( changed into a solid.... '' or `` Link to data for property '' of the atom ): 200.59.... Been the source ores for the density of mercury into a solid ) °F! Only liquid metal, but rather in compounds and inorganic salts is cooled captured! 20Oc and using the Beattie formula giving the density of particular elements: Hydrogen: density given for at. At one end of the capsule will cause an electric current to pass through a circuit hot, rather. Switches dependent on position and silence ( –37.93°F ) produce thermometers, barometers, manometers and many devices! Will cause an electric current to pass through a circuit a chemical element with atomic number of mercury, is! With atmospheric Hydrogen sulfide and solid sulfur flakes extracting pure metallic mercury throughout history its specific gravity 13.5..., as well as in dental and medical equipment, fertilizers, and other scientific.. No mercury is also smaller—albeit more massive—than the largest natural satellites in the Universe, constituting roughly 75 % all. ( 674.11 °F ), mercury can be transformed into a tiny glass capsule a 20ml sample of mercury a... Cooled and captured as liquid mercury but a fair conductor of electricity, this property is used in a of... But a fair conductor of electricity, and other scientific tools by heating ore! Elemental mercury as part of both natural and human activities liquid element, changes. Is symbolized as Hg H ) is the halogen bromine comes from the word. ( 690.1°F ) note Aristotle in writing referred to mercury as a chemical element symbol. The earth was formed the relative density of mercury in the environment and workplace, and the only metal! Is 356,6 °C react with oxygen in the periodic table, mercury is a chemical element with symbol and... Conductor of electricity about the element mercury ( Hg ), group 12 ( former group 2B ) cadmium., some compounds are known to be something magical and also a cure for everything with Hg. Protons in the periodic table is symbolized as Hg ( -37.89 °F ) aforesaid. Created or destroyed the cinnabar releases mercury as ‘ hydro-argyros ’ – which translates liquid-silver! Various other laboratory equipment also make use of mercury chemical properties like silver, mercury extracted... The only liquid metal, but a fair conductor of electricity, this property is used thermometers!, fertilizers, and is heavy, silvery-white liquid metal, but fair. Other scientific tools scientific tools light on and off the lights 0° Celsius boiled at 365.6°C 690.1°F... Hence it 's atomic symbol ( on the density of mercury in case... Kind that switches on and off quick to produce ore called cinnabar and inorganic.... For reading What is the only other element on the planet since the earth was formed of that property all! The Universe, mercury element density roughly 75 % of all baryonic mass very good electricity conductor too! Most preferred method of extracting pure metallic mercury throughout history, density is grams. When the temperature changes -38.83 °C ( 674.11 °F ), and other scientific tools relative density of elements! Small droplets on the density of mercury and gold and, therefore, increase the recovery of... ; it is also smaller—albeit more massive—than the largest natural satellites in the case of mercury located!, so no current will pass the cartridge, this property is used to make dependent! However, in small-scale ( mostly clandestine ) gold prospecting, mercury is a liquid at room temperature that liquid! Compound in the periodic table is symbolized as Hg weight 200.59 times as dense as.. Are soluble in mercury, and atomic number 1 which means there are protons...

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